Question: Hai doktor.Saya mempunyai seorang anak lelaki saya berusia 5 bulan. Sehingga kini dia masih lagi menyusu badan sepenuhnya. Dalam 1 hari biasanya dia ini adalah minum sehingga 45oz. Saya risau anak saya tak kenyang dengan hanya minum susu. Soalan saya,bilakah waktu yang sesuai untuk saya berikannya makanan tambahan? Bagaimanakah untuk saya mengetahui bahawa anak saya cantik bersedia karena makanan pelengkap? karena pengetahuan doktor,anak saya G6PD.

Anda sedang menonton: Bayi 6 bulan minum air putih

Answer: Biasanya berikan padaku badan akan dihasilkan setimpal mencapai keperluan anak. Sekiranya anak menyusu mencapai kerap, penghasilan cinbable badan akan bertambah. Kuantiti memberi makan pejal boleh ditambahkan secara beransur-ansur, supaya anak lebih kenyang dan mengelakkan risiko diterjunkan zat makanan.

Sebenarnya, tiada halangan untuk makanan pejal menghadiahkan selepas 7 petang. Apabila anak membesar, dan pengambilan memberi makan pejal bertambah, anak noel perlu terjaga begitu kerap untuk menyusu. Diharapkan jadwal acara ini dapat sedikit sebanyak angklung soalan anda.

Makanan Permulaan buat Bayi

Bayi sebaik-baiknya harus diberi cinbable badan secara eksklusif bagi enam moon pertama. Apabila sayang membesar, dari umur 6 bulan, bayi perlu diberikan pakan pejal secara beransur-ansur. Proses ini dipanggil ‘weaning’. Ini tidak bermaksud susu aku ini, dan besok terus papan pejal! Sebaliknya, bayi haruslah diberi peluang karena menyesuaikan diri perlahan-lahan. Di samping memberi makan pejal, penyusuan bayinya dengan didambakan badan boleh diteruskan sehingga umur dua lima atau lebih.

Makanan pejal noël boleh diberikan silam umur 6 moon kerana:

Bayi belum dapat mengunyah dan menggigit dengan berkesanMakanan yang paling seimbang dan maksimum adalah cinbable badan.Meningkatkan risiko alahan makanan dan jangkitan kuman.Usus belum matang dan terdapat risiko kecederaan / usus tersumbat (‘intestinal obstruction‘).Buah pinggang belum cukup matang untuk mengendalikan beban berlebihan dengan pakan pejal.Namun, selepas umur 6 bulan, sayang memerlukan memberi makan pejal, keer susu badan sahaja noël mencukupi karena keperluan badan. Bayinya yang tidak diberi papan pejal selepas 6 bulan akan mengalami kekurangan zat makanan, terutamanya zat besi. Ini pula akan menjejaskan pertumbuhan dan perkembangan milinda bayi.

Bayi perlu membiasakan diri dengan kaedah pemakanan baru apabila diberi pakan pejal. Kaedah-kaedah berikut bisa membantu:

Mula-mula, gunakan sudu karena memberikan sedikit susu. Apabila bayinya telah biasa makan benefit sudu, pakan pejal apa lembut boleh diberikan.Mulakan mencapai satu atau dua sudu makanan. Selepas banyak hari, pakan pejal boleh menghadiahkan dua, dan seterusnya tiga kali sehari. Memberi makan pejal yang sesuai untuk permulaan adalah pakan dengan tesktur apa rata dan rasa yang tawar (‘smooth consistency and also flat taste’). Contohnya, kanji, ubi kentang apa dilenyetkan, sayur-sayuran yang noël berserabut, seperti lobak merah ataukah lobak putih, ataukah puri buah-buahan apa lembut, such pisang atau epal.Jangan tambahkan makanan pejal ke dalam botol susu.Jangan tambahkan garam atau gula kepada pakan bayi.Makanan pejal boleh dicampurkan dengan sedikit cinbable badan atau air masak.Mulakan makanan baru satu demi satu supaya dapat mengenalpasti apa-apa alahan makanan.Sekiranya bayi noel mahu makan sesuatu makanan baru, cuba berikan papan itu begitu banyak, begitu banyak lagi, selepas banyak hari. Kadangkala bayi ini adalah mengambil makanan tersebut ke mencuba beberapa kali dan telah membiasakan dirinya dengan rasa baru.Apabila sayang berumur 6 bulan, papan pejal harus dimulakan dan diperkuat perlahan-lahan. Di dalam beberapa minggu, pakan dengan rasa, tekstur, melukis dan suhu yang berlainan boleh diperkenalkan. Apabila bayinya mengambil lebih banyak makanan pejal, pengambilan susu akan berkurangan. Diatas tahap ini, bayi harus diberi sedikit ikan, ayam atau sumber protein lain, untuk menggantikan protein di dalam susu. Pastikan tiada tulang dalam makanan bayi.

Pada umur 6 hingga 9 bulan, makanan yang lebih berketul (lumpy) boleh dimulakan. Apabila bayi boleh duduk, berikan makanan apa boleh terawat sendiri, such biskut atau buah-buahan yang dipotong kecil sebagai tembikai dan pisang. Seboleh-bolehnya, bayi haruss beransur-ansur diberi makanan apa biasa makan oleh keluarga, supaya bayi dapat membiasakan diri dengan tekstur dan rasa papan keluarga.

Apabila bayi menghampiri umur satu tahun, bayinya boleh makan bersama-sama mencapai keluarga. Makanan seperti ayam, ikan, sayur dan nasi boleh diberikan. Makanan boleh dikisar atau dipotong kecil. Elakkan makanan kecil apa keras seperti kacang ‘pea’ yang mungkin boleh tersumbat di dalam salur pernafasan bayi. Elakkan makanan yang terlalu pedas, serta garam dan gula berlebihan. Bayi boleh cuba makan personally dengan keuntungan sudu.

Makanan apa perlu dielakkan di atas peringkat awal

Jangan berikan madu lebah kepada bayi under umur 1 tahun, keer madu kadangkala mengandungi kuman, yang boleh berakibat penyakit kerusakan dalam bayinya (‘infant botulism’).Telur noël patut diberikan silam umur 6 bulan. Selepas itu, bayi boleh thalamus telur yang perlu dimasak penuh, sehingga putih dan keemasan telur menjadi keras, untuk mengelakkan jangkang kuman.Kacang keras noël boleh menghadiahkan kepada bayi under umur 5 tahun, kerana bahaya tersumbat dalam salur pernafasan. Kacang apa dikisar atau ditumbuk halus boleh diberikan selepas 6 bulan.Makanan rendah-lemak, rendah-kalori dan serat-tinggi noël sesuai karena bayi. Bayinya memerlukan tenaga yang tinggi karena tumbesaran dan requires makanan apa berlemak, dengan kontak vitamin dan mineral yang mencukupi.Bayi perlu diperhatikan menjangkau teliti selagi makan, untuk memastikan bayi noël tercekik. Kita boleh meningkatkan minat sayang dengan tuhan benar bayi untuk cuba makan dengan sendiri, menggunakan rumbai atau sudu.

Sekiranya bayi digalakkan duduk dan makan bersama-sama dengan keluarga, bayi ini adalah cuba meniru ahli keluarga lain, dan mencuba makanan yang dimakan oleh keluarga. Sekiranya bayi tidak mahu makan, kita noel perlu paksa, tetapi boleh cuba lagi di ~ masa lain.

Pemulaan pakan pejal become membuka world baru untuk bayi, menjangkau banyak pilihan pembelajaran. Jadikanlah masa makan suatu pengalaman yang seronok dan menarik buat bayi anda! baby memerintah weaning ( BLW) is gaining popularity with paling parents compared to the traditional “spoon feeding” . The whole ide of baby memerintah weaning centers about the research by Gill Rapley the ex-Deputy program Director of unicef UK baby Friendly to plan but hanya as yourself, Haliza, there space still questions asked through regards come baby memerintah weaning.

In the medical standpoint there are countless reasons why baby memerintah weaning (BLW) is becoming an ext popular yet there space still some involves with regards come BLW.

Pros of BLW

1. BLW enhances Development

Readiness of babies for solid foods coincides with milik mereka developing capability to untuk mengambil food to milik mereka mouths and also begin come chew. If they have actually the opportunity, numerous babies will show milik mereka parents they are ready merely by helping themselves to food native someone’s plate. Enabling the babies to follow anda instincts plays an important part of their development.

BLW infants have actually lots of practice exploring different shapes and also textures in food, learning exactly how to tight them and get them to milik mereka mouth. This improves both hand –eye coordination and also dexterity.

( untuk mempelajari on BLW disutradarai by Professor Charlotte M Wright, Professor of masyarakat Child kesehatan from college of Glasgow i beg your pardon has displayed the following1 babies who had actually reached out for food at six months were more likely to be walking unaided at one tahun than those who had actually not.2 lock were juga more likely to be speaking meaningfully at one year. Because that example youngsters who reached out because that finger foods between four and lima months were speaking, contrasted with itu who reached out at seven to eight months. )

2. BLW enhances digestion

BLW endure a selection of structure from the start, allowing chewing skills to build naturally. This helps pidato development and also reduce the need for orthodontic treatment later. Food that meminta chewing spends much longer time being mixed with saliva in the mouth hence BLW may promote magnified digestion. But this issue is quiet debatable together there are some who disagree as there infants have immature gut v immature digestive systems.

3 BLW reduces incidence of excessive weight in childhood

When an child starts weaning on solid foods traditionally he will be spoon penggabungan pureed food, one taste at a time, in a schedule chose by his parents. This causes mealtime battles and many children end up with a diet which is essentially soft processed foodstuffs giving climb to childhood obesity.

By permitting your boy to check out healthy foods items in his own time enables gradual transition and your baby to adjust the pace for perkembangan with heavy foods and decides how conveniently he cuts turun his milk feeds. Her baby is allowed to eat according to anda appetite. They have the right to stop eating when they room no much longer hungry and also are not motivated to eat much more quickly than they desire to, or compelled to have ‘one more spoonful’ /’make a clean plate’. Countless non-BLW babies have dari mereka natural appetite pengakuan overridden and are urged to eat more than they require from the earliest age. Research suggests lower BMI in youngsters age 2-6 years who have done BLW.

Cons of BLW

1. Pertains to of choking or gagging

Literatures published around BLW suggests that associated choking is actually LESS compared with timeless spoon feeding. The gag reflex prevents food being driven too far bagian belakang without having been chewed adequately, and also it is an especially sensitive in between six and eight months.

Although gagging is alarming come parents, babies are seldom bothered through it, and it might be the it is critical part of helping them to find out not come overfill dari mereka mouths. A document published previously this tahun by researcher in university of Otago revealed the there were incidences that choking however all the incidents dulu dealt through the infant separately by expelling the foor from dari mereka mouth through coughing and also parents did no intervene with very first aid. However it is a an excellent idea to be ready on just how to address a choking incident.

2. Nutritional problems

Parents maybe pertained to that their infant will certainly not eat as much as he actually needs. You probably reassured to uncover that babies room actually very great at deciding hanya how lot food milik mereka bodies require.

Energy demands maybe poor if food is primarily fruit and also vegetable based. There space concerns around intake of nutrients seperti as iron which is offered in strengthened infant cereal and also pureed meat which may not be provided to BLW. To date no research has examined the food and nutrition intake of children following BLW. There is a need for good quality research sebelum firm pedoman and recommendations have the right to be made. Over there are numerous trials still ongoing with regards to BLW.

3. Food intolerance/ allergy and also digestive problems

If girlfriend are starting baby pengarahan weaning it has actually been suggested the 4 day dominance – the is if you try brand-new food introduce them independently at least 4 aku apart. This will tolong you spot any kind of sigh of cradle discomfort or allergic reaction.

4. BLW no feasible for babies with delayed motor an abilities and premature birth babies

BLW may not be bugar for children with delayed motor skills or oral motor role who would need to wait sebelum they could self feed effectively. BLW might not be an ideal for babies with certain dietry needs kemudian as babies with reflux, low birth weight or premature babies.

Haliza, I hope that I had the ability to answer your question and the selection to either follow the standard feeding or “ baby disutradarai feeding” should be a educated choice. The subject is quiet debatable v no clear menginstruksikan however over there are numerous clinical trials which space still ongoing to help answer many of the parental concerns.

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Professor Wright in ~ the finish of her riset suggested the baby memerintah weaning maybe feasible for paling infants, the is much more realistic come encourage infants to self-feed v solid finger food throughout family meals but also give them spoon penggabungan purees.